Feuchtwanger, Lion

(1884-1958)
   novelist; his best work treated the problem of being Jewish in a non-Jewish world. Born to an Orthodox family in Munich, he studied philosophy, German language, and anthropology and com-pleted a doctorate in 1907. Through his drama reviews (written for Siegfried Jacobsohn's* Schaubuhne) and adaptations of theater* works (in 1923 he col-laborated with Bertolt Brecht* on The Life of Edward IT), he ascertained his gift as a novelist.
   Feuchtwanger was a master of the historical novel, consolidating contempo-rary themes with bizarre individual experiences and complex historical scenery. Using a thorough knowledge of historical detail and playing the role of an enlightened philosopher, he was partial to both ancient Jewish history and the dilemmas of Jewish existence. His best-known works are Jud Süss (Jew Süss, 1925; the Nazis transformed it in 1940 into a viciously anti-Semitic film*), Erfolg (Success, 1930), and the trilogy Josephus (1932-1935). In his diary the writer Robert Musil* described Feuchtwanger as vapid yet manifesting the tal-ents of a great author. This typically German critique was prompted by Feucht-wanger s blending of literature and history, deemed an aberration by Musil. The reproach notwithstanding, Erfolg brought Feuchtwanger a Nobel Prize nomi-nation.
   Despite his progressivism, Feuchtwanger s politics were indistinct in his early writings; indeed, believing politics and culture incompatible, he objected in 1918 when Jacobsohn changed the name of the Schaubuhne to Weltbuhne.* But with the rise of the NSDAP and through his work with Brecht, he grew sympathetic to communism. Having satirized the Nazis in Erfolg, Feuchtwanger, who in early 1933 was on tour in New York, was forced into exile. By the late 1930s his anti-Nazi propaganda efforts were linked with a naïve sympathy for the Soviet Union.* Living in southern France, he fled to Portugal in 1940 after brief internment as a German national. He made his way to the United States in 1941.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon;Deak, Weimar Germany's Left-Wing Tntellectuals; NDB, vol. 5.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Feuchtwanger, Lion — (1884–1958)    German novelist. Born in Munich, Feuchtwanger was a prolific author of popular books, chiefly on historical subjects, works notable for strong narrative and a colourful sense of period. Several of his books explore Jewish history,… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Feuchtwanger, Lion — ▪ German writer born July 7, 1884, Munich, Ger. died Dec. 21, 1958, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.  German novelist and playwright known for his historical romances.       Born of a Jewish family, Feuchtwanger studied philology and literature at… …   Universalium

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  • Feuchtwanger, Lion — (1884 1958)    German historical novelist. He was born in Munich. He wrote plays as a young man and in 1926 his novel Jud Suss was published. Eventually he settled in the US. His novel The Oppermanns deals with a German Jewish family during the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Lion Feuchtwanger — (* 7. Juli 1884 in München; † 21. Dezember 1958 in Los Angeles) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller und einer der meistgelesenen deutschsprachigen Autoren des 20. Jahrhunderts. Briefmarke der Deutschen Post der DDR aus der Serie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Feuchtwanger — Feuchtwanger,   Lion, Schriftsteller, * München 7. 7. 1884, ✝ Los Angeles 21. 12. 1958; war Theaterkritiker, lebte viel im Ausland; 1914 wurde er bei Kriegsbeginn in Tunis interniert, floh nach Deutschland, wo er an der Revolution von 1918… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lion Feuchtwanger — Stamp in memory of Lion Feuchtwanger Lion Feuchtwanger (7 July 1884 – 21 December 1958) was a German Jewish novelist and playwright. A prominent figure in the literary world of Weimar Germany, he influenced contemporaries including playwright… …   Wikipedia

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